When investigating whether there is life on a planet, the first thing to look for is whether there is water on that planet. Therefore, we can understand that the source of life is water. The source of water is underground waters, streams, lakes, seas, oceans, snow and glaciers.
It seems that there is a fairly large amount of water on the surface of the earth, solid, liquid and gaseous. However, 97.5% of these waters are found in the oceans and seas as salt water, and 2.5% as fresh water in rivers and lakes. 90% of the fresh waters at such a low rate are difficult to reach at the poles and underground, and 10% are only accessible. Looking at these ratios, it seems that the amount of fresh water that can be used is very limited.
The very rapid increase in the world's population, agricultural activities that are intensified by the increase in food requirements, unplanned and erroneous urbanization, the development of industry and technology, and the lack of environmental awareness cause the amount of usable water to decrease over time.
As a result of uncontrolled discharge of untreated wastewater, domestic and industrial solid waste, pesticides and plant nutrients from fertilizers mixed into water sources, significant deterioration occurs, especially in the quality of surface waters.
About 20% of the population faces serious problems with access to clean water. Jul. When the average annual water potential is reviewed, Turkey is a water-scarce country with an annual water potential of about 1346 m3 per capita. A person's water consumption includes not only the water that he drains from the tap, but also the water used to obtain industrial and agricultural products that he uses. The amount of water per capita and the sectoral distribution of water play a decisive role in the development levels of countries.
Intensive energy production and consumption, ozone layer, the droughts, to the Earth emitted particles, lack of green spaces, and the effects of global warming the increase in greenhouse gases into the atmosphere and a negative impact on the climate, in terms of both quantity and quality of water resources are under pressure. It shows its effect especially in agricultural irrigation with intensive use.
According to the data of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) for 2010, approximately 69% of the water consumed worldwide is used in agriculture, 19% in industry and 12% in urban consumption, which is the most intensive area of use. Today, 71.5% of water is used in agriculture, 17.8% in industry and 10.7% in urban consumption in Turkey.
Only 17.57% of the irrigable agricultural land in Turkey is irrigated. 66.85% of surface water resources and 26.83% of underground water resources are not used yet. The researches conducted indicate that the existing water resources are sufficient in the current situation, which may cause problems if new areas are opened for irrigation.
Therefore, in terms of maintaining the ecological balance, developing and ensuring its sustainability, it becomes even more important to manage water resources at a level that can meet the needs.
In order to protect the world's water resources, individual awareness is required first. Individuals should aim for less water consumption by performing water footprint calculations. It is necessary to prevent environmental pollution. Therefore, water pollution will also be prevented when the factors that pollute the environment are eliminated. In particular, factories operating in the industrial area should be well inspected and prevented from polluting the environment.
At this point, Atlantis, with its expert staff who have worked in this field for many years, allows manufacturers all over the world to achieve higher quality and higher efficiency by using fewer resources with center pivot and linear irrigation systems produced for the first time in Turkey.
Sources : Serap Mutlu - Examining the Agricultural Adequacy of Lake District Water Resources Using the Water Budget Method - Doctoral Dissertation / Isparta 2021